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Rent In Ghana: How To Evict a Tenant In Ghana

Rent In Ghana: How To Evict a Tenant In Ghana

In every organised institution, there are rules and regulations that governs the actions of people in that environ, such applies to property rent in Ghana. 

Evicting of a tenant in Ghana by a landlord cannot be done just because a landlord feels like doing so, he or she must follow the laid down procedure for doing so. 

There are rules that binds the transaction that exists between a landlord and a tenant. These laws states how and what a tenancy agreement should include.

No landlord has the right to evict a tenant without going through the appropriate procedures stipulated by the laws of the country. Termination of a tenancy contract can only be done on the premise that a tenant is a nuisance and or is using the property for an illegitimate purpose. 

Pick up a complaint form: A landlord who seeks to evict a tenant must first pick up a complaint form known as FORM 7 from the Rent Control Department and fill the form with the facts that would warrant an eviction of a tenant.

Submit the form to the Rent Control Office and pay an amount of about fifty Ghana cedis.

A Summons will be issued inviting the respondent who is the tenant to appear before the Rent Office on a specific date and time. 

This summon is to be served on the tenant. If the tenant does not appear after the summon is served, a new order sent to the police station nearby and the police will be asked to bring the tenant at the adjourned date until the case is dealt with.

The summons does not usually contain information on where the case will be heard at the Rent Control Department, thus the complaint can get that information from the general office of the Rent Control Department on the day of the hearing.

On the day of the hearing, the Rent Officer will listen both parties involved and review their evidence before a determination is made in favor of a party.

If the determination is in favor of the landlord, then he must pick up a reference form and send it to the District Court for the magistrate to enforce the Rent Officer’s decision.

District Court upon receiving the Rent Officer’s reference will issue a hearing notice to the tenant to appear in court on a set date for the magistrate to either adopt the Rent Officer’s decision or do otherwise. 

Finally, if the magistrate makes a determination in favor of the landlord, then the landlord must apply for a decree from the District Court which may state the amount of rent recovered and then evict takes place. 


Source: Reuben Affum-Ankamah (Real Estate Times Africa)

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